What is a Pidgin?
A pidgin language or simply pidgin is a language that is a grammatically simplified language that two groups or individuals can use as a mean of communication between them. This develops between the people who do not have a common language. It’s vocabulary and grammar is limited and there are no strict rules. This pidgin language uses words from different languages all over the world.
A pidgin is not a native language of any country but people do practice it as a second language. A pidgin can be developed by several words, sounds or body languages of multiple speakers.
Why it is called Pidgin?
There is a popular folk etymology of the pidgin is English word piegon. Piegon is a bird which was used for communication in time prior to this communication advanced era.
What is Creole?
Unlike pidgin, the Creole is a native language. A pidgin is used as a secondary language but creole is a first language of the native speakers and people use it as their first language. There is a belief in language experts that a long time use of pidgin can change it into a creole as the teh child’s of the speakers use it as their native language and thus over a course of time, a pidgin can transform into a Creole.
Examples of Pidgin and Creole:
1. Port Jackson Pidgin English is an English-based pidgin that originated in the region of Sydney and Newcastle in New South Wales in the early days of colonisation.
2. American Indian Pidgin English (AIPE) is an English-based pidgin spoken by Native Americans in the United States.
India and Pidgin
Nagamese also known as Naga pidgin is a creole that is used in India in Nagaland. This language developed due to conversation between Naga People with the indigenous Assamese People in plains.
Nagamese has two cases, two tenses, three aspectual distinctions and no gender. It shares a large part of its lexicon with Assamese.