The world is facing a global threat, several countries are seeing an exponential rise in number of cases and some countries are seeing a rise in number of casualties due to deadly novel coronavirus which is causing disease COVID -19. Here is a list of pandemics that have caused so many deaths in past.
1. Great Plague of Marseille (1720-France)
In 1720 France saw the last of the significant plague outbreak in European history. The disease arrived in Marseille (France) in 1720 and killed 100000 people, and next 100000 in next 2 years in the city and north surrounding cities. And despite such calamity, the city recovered soon from economic breakdown and was on the track again in next few years.
2. Persian Plague (1772-1773 – Persian Empire)
The Persian plague epidemic of 1772–1773, also simply known as the Persian Plague, was a massive outbreak of plague, more specifically Bubonic plague, in the Persian Empire, which claimed around 2 million lives in total. It was one of the most devastating Plague epidemics in recorded human history. The outbreak resulted in the introduction of several quarantine measures for the first time in the Persian Gulf regions. The first outbreak was noticed near Baghdad. This pandemic has claimed 2000000 lives.
3. First Cholera Pandemic (1817-1824 – Asia)
The first cholera pandemic began in India near Calcutta city (British India). While cholera have spread across India several times, this time the disease spread outside India and reached China and Mediterranean sea. Hundreds of thousands people dies including British soldiers which attracted the European attention. This is considered as first pandemic that has spread outside a country and affected almost all Asiatic region including all countries. The total numbers of deaths is unknown however some people claims that from thousands to Crores may have lost lives.
The cholera has seen 2 more pandemics later, known as second and third cholera pandemics, whereas second pandemic saw more than 1 lac deaths, third is known as most deadly as official numbers have crossed 1 Million deaths in Russia only.
4. Third Plague Pandemics (1855-1960 – Worldwide)
This plague pandemic started in Yunnan(China) and spread all over the continents. It has claimed more than 12 Million lives, whereas only India has seen 10 million deaths. This pandemic was considered to be active till 1960 when the death rate dropped below 200. There have been more cholera pandemics in India in later years which have claimed millions of lives.
5. Spanish Flu (1918-1920 – Worldwide)
The Spanish flu was a deadly influenza pandemic which started in January 1918 and lasted till December 1920. It infected 500 Million peoples which was a one fourth of the total population at that time. Death toll is estimated somewhere 17 Million to 50 million and some claims are even made that this resulted in almost 100 million deaths. This makes it one of the deadliest pandemics ever in human history.
6. Smallpox (1877-1977)
This pandemic is also considered as most deadly as it has costed in 50 Crores lives across world.
7. HIV / AIDS (1960–present)
This is also a global pandemic which has cause millions of deaths across world. Several cases of this diseases is still observed however the infection rate fell rapidly between 1997-2005 however remained stable from 2005 to 2015. This disease has caused more than 32000000 deaths till date.
8. Coronavirus (2019-China)
This is a latest pandemic which is going on. This virus is known as Novel coronavirus and causes disease COVID-19 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus -2 (SARS-CoV-2). The outbreak was first identified in Wuhan(Hubei-China) in December 2019. It was recognised as a pandemic by WHO(World Health organisation) on 11 March 2020. As of today(29 March 2020) more than 7 Lac cases has been observed across 190 countries and there have been more than 33000 deaths reported. There is no cure yet so it can get worse, alone US has reported more than 1 Lac cases and Italy is seeing daily deaths in range of 500-900. The virus is mainly spread during close contact and by respiratory droplets produced when people cough or sneeze. Respiratory droplets may be produced during breathing but the virus is not generally airborne. People may also catch COVID-19 by touching a contaminated surface and then their face. It is most contagious when people are symptomatic, although spread may be possible before symptoms appear.
Hope the world gets well soon. Please stay inside and stay safe.
Save lives, stay home.
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